Podcasts

Back

La guerre en Ukraine et ses conséquences sur l’approvisionnement de l’Afrique en blé

08
April 2022
Ahmed Ouhnini et Henri Louis Védie

L’Ukraine et la Russie comptent parmi les plus grands exportateurs de blé au monde et jouent un rôle capital dans la sécurité alimentaire dans le globe. Or, plusieurs pays d'Afrique se retrouvent dépendants des exportations russes et ukrainiennes de cette denrée alimentaire de première nécessité. Quels sont ces pays et quelles leçons à tirer de l’arrêt des approvisionnements en blé en provenance des deux pays en situation de guerre aujourd’hui?

RELATED CONTENT

  • March 29, 2022
    L'invasion, par la Russie, de l'Ukraine, grenier à blé de la mer Noire, impacte lourdement le marché mondial de cette denrée, en premier lieu les principaux pays/clients importateurs des deux belligérants. L'objet de cette étude est d'analyser les conséquences de cette guerre pour l’Afrique, continent où le pain est un aliment de base. Ce qui nous conduit, tout d'abord, à rappeler les données générales de ce marché, avec une Russie et une Ukraine respectivement au premier et cinquiè ...
  • March 29, 2022
    Russia's invasion of Ukraine, the Black Sea granary, severely impacts global wheat markets, and especially hits the two warring parties' primary importing countries/clients. This study examines impacts of this war on Africa, where bread is a basic staple. This brings us to start with a review of broad market data, with Russia and Ukraine respectively ranking first and fifth among global wheat exporters, and the European Union (EU) gaining an edge as an alternative to the U.S./Canada ...
  • Authors
    March 11, 2022
    The pros and the cons of regional market integration are well exemplified by the experience of Uruguay, a small, open economy in MERCOSUR, which is a highly protectionist trade bloc, dominated by Argentina and Brazil. With access to such large markets, Uruguay did raise its growth rate during the first decade of MERCOSUR, the 1990s. However, market integration as implemented in MERCOSUR was also problematic in that Uruguay suffered from the high protectionism of Argentina in the for ...
  • Authors
    March 8, 2022
    The contrast between Argentina’s rich natural resource endowment and its poor economic performance has been the focus of much socio-political and economic analysis. When it created MERCOSUR with its immediate neighbors, Brazil, Uruguay, and Paraguay in 1991, it had access to a trading bloc with a combined GDP of US$ 419 trillion (2019), making it the 5th largest economy in the world. Joining the MERCOSUR was a break from its protectionist past. But it did not last. Argentina greatl ...
  • Authors
    Afaf Zarkik
    March 1, 2022
    Known for being a climate change hotspot, Morocco is at the forefront of a climate disaster. Consequences are already being felt, whether in the form of increasing temperature or a downward trend in precipitations, which directly threaten the water security and, by extension, the social-ecological systems of the country. The systems by which food, energy, and water are produced, distributed, and consumed heavily depend on one another. Their implicit feedbacks and links are not linea ...
  • Authors
    Nassim Hajouji
    February 15, 2022
    Using education and elite configurations as the main variables of analysis, this Policy Paper aims to show how higher levels of popular sector incorporation during elite conflicts, namely in the process of formulating and implementing policies related to education reforms, can negatively affect the economic complexity of developing countries. To do so, it analyzes the experiences of Mauritius and Singapore and links foundational political economy theories, particularly developmental ...
  • Authors
    January 24, 2022
    في يناير/كانون الثاني 2022، أعلنت شركتا التنقيب عن النفط والغاز، شاريوت ليمتد وبريداتور أويل آند غاز هولدينغ، المستقرتان معا في المملكة المغربية، أخبارا سارة حول رخصتين من رخصهما في البلاد. وقد أفاضت اكتشافات الغاز الطبيعي المذكورة الكثير من المداد. غير أن هذا الأمر ليس بالمفاجئ عموما، وذلك لعدة أسباب. حيث يعتبر اكتشاف الهيدروكاربونات (النفط أو الغاز الطبيعي) حدثا مهما في حد ذاته بالنظر إلى مكانة الهيدروكاربونات على الساحة الطاقية (يمثل النفط والغاز الطبيعي مجتمعين أقل من 60 في الما ...
  • Authors
    January 24, 2022
    En janvier 2022, deux sociétés pétrolières, Chariot Limited et Predator Oil & Gas Holdings PLC, toutes les deux basées au Royaume-Uni, ont annoncé de bonnes nouvelles sur deux permis au Maroc. Ces découvertes de gaz naturel ont fait couler beaucoup d’encre. De façon générale, ce n’est d’ailleurs pas très étonnant, et ce pour plusieurs raisons : une découverte d’hydrocarbures (pétrole et gaz naturel) est un événement important en soi au regard de la place des hydrocarbures sur la ...
  • Authors
    January 24, 2022
    In January 2022, two UK-based oil companies, Chariot Limited and Predator Oil & Gas Holdings PLC, made positive announcements on two gas fields in Morocco. These natural gas discoveries generated considerable attention. This is often not surprising for a number of reasons: a hydrocarbon discovery (oil and natural gas) is an important event in itself given the prominence of hydrocarbons in global energy (oil and natural gas together account for around 60% of global energy consump ...