Publications /
Policy Brief

Morocco’s Decarbonization Pathway - Part III: The Costs and Benefits of the Energy Transition
Chami Abdelilah
Derj Atar
Hammi Ibtissem
Morazzo Mariano
Naciri Yassine
Zarkik Afaf
with the technical support of AFRY
July 19, 2021

Morocco's significant renewable energy resources offer an unprecedented opportunity to anchor the country’s economic and political choices in the energy transition, and to turn the transition into an essential lever for economic development. This is all the more relevant as the costs of renewable energies have dropped over the past 10 years2, and now offer strong potential, not only for creating green jobs but for ensuring a dynamic and resilient economic growth as well. In 2020, nearly 20% of Morocco's electricity production was provided by renewable energy resources (RES), while the installed capacity of RES was around 36%. Morocco's ambition is to reach a target of 52% of installed RES capacity by 2030, reinforcing the country's commitment to energy transition and decarbonization. However, this transition must also be sustainable from a socio-economic point of view and must ensure that ‘no one is left behind’. It is, therefore, necessary to quantify the costs and benefits of the energy transition, in order to identify the right policy approaches and mitigate the potential negative effects of the transition on growth, particularly in terms of industrial competitiveness, employment, and citizens' purchasing power.

Part II of the Morocco’s Decarbonization Pathway Policy Brief series presented an update of the decarbonization scenarios. It revealed that in the Increased Ambition and Green Development scenarios, Morocco would achieve higher decarbonization targets than the current policy. Decarbonization targets will be achieved mainly thanks to extensive electrification of the final sectors and increasing RES in the generation mix. More specifically, the transportation, power generation, and residential sectors will be crucial to the decarbonization of Morocco’s energy consumption. This third Policy Brief in the series presents the results of a cost-benefit analysis, performed to identify the technological levers of the energy transition in Morocco, and to estimate the global economic benefit of modeled scenarios presented in Part II, both at national and sectoral levels.


  • Authors
    December 27, 2022
    En Afrique, le niveau de la vulnérabilité économique des pays reste élevé et représente un obstacle à la croissance économique et à la réduction de la pauvreté. Ce constat nous mène à étudier cette problématique pour un échantillon des pays africains les plus exposés aux chocs économiques. En effet, ce travail a pour objectif principal d’identifier les effets des composantes des deux indicateurs de vulnérabilité et de résilience économique sur le niveau de reve ...
  • December 8, 2022
    Cette étude concerne 33 États du continent africain où, en 2022, le % des détenteurs de cryptomonnaies de chaque pays, par rapport à sa population est au minimum de 1 %. À eux seuls, trois parmi ce groupe de pays, que sont l’Afrique du Sud, le Kenya et le Nigeria, totalisent plus de 333 millions de personnes, avec des pourcentages de leurs détenteurs de cryptomonnaies proches compris entre plus de 12 % en Afrique du Sud, plus de 11 % au Kenya et plus de 10 % au Nigeria. À l' ...
  • November 24, 2022
    This chapter was originally published in the book "Africa–Europe Cooperation and Digital Transformation", co-edited by Chux Daniels, Benedikt Erfoth, and Chloe Teevan Since the mid-2010s, North African countries have been pursuing what some observers have called a “return to Africa” (Dworkin, 2020). Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia have attempted to position themselves as major components of Europe- Mediterranean-Africa infrastructure and supply chains corridors (Tanchum, 2020). The thr ...
  • Authors
    November 17, 2022
    This piece examines the role of labor and religious movements in the face of the “informalization” of the African economy. How does the growth of an informal sector set back class formation and labor activism? How will the rise of economic networks outside formal economic and political channels affect state capacity? Can labor unions develop organizational independence if the labor market is segmented with a growing number of informal workers? What happens when labor market “insider ...
  • November 4, 2022
    Panel 2: Les Communautés Economiques Régionales : Quel apport à la résilience africaine dans un contexte de chocs multidimensionnels ? Modérateur:            Abdelaaziz Aït Ali, Manager – Département d’économie, Policy Center for the New South   Intervenant.e.s : Nezha Alaoui M’hamm...