AFRICAFE : La crise énergétique : enjeux et défis de l'approvisionnement en gaz naturel africain vers l'Europe

November 24, 2022

Le monde traverse actuellement sa plus importante crise énergétique depuis la crise pétrolière de 1973. La guerre en Ukraine a exacerbé les marchés de l'énergie, avec des prix de l'énergie qui montent en flèche et nuisent aux économies et aux citoyens du monde entier. L'Europe a été durement touchée par cette crise en raison de sa dépendance à l'égard des combustibles fossiles russes et par conséquence, a tourné son regard vers de nouveaux fournisseurs, au premier rang desquels figurent les producteurs de gaz africains. Est-ce que l’Afrique peut réellement fournir des alternatives aux combustibles fossiles russes ? Quels enjeux et défis de l’approvisionnement de gaz naturel africain en Europe ?

Dans cet épisode d’Africafé, Hamza M’jahed, Spécialiste en relations internationales au Policy Center for the New South, analyse les réponses de l’Union européenne au sujet de la crise énergétique et la stratégie adoptée pour un approvisionnement en gaz sécurisé, ainsi que les enjeux et les défis que l’Afrique doit relever pour devenir un fournisseur pérenne d’énergie.

 

Speakers
Youssef Tobi
International Relations Specialist
Tobi Youssef has joined the Policy Center for the New South in 2017. He is currently working on Politics and Governance in the Maghreb Region; his areas of expertise are geopolitics, political risk and nation building. Youssef Tobi obtained a Master Degree at Sciences Po Lyon  where he wrote two thesis on “ the role of Moroccan Bank in Africa, a non-state actor in service of the Diplomacy”  and the“ Chasm between the mediatic and associative representation of refugees : a case study”.  Prior to working at the Think tank, Tobi Youssef participated in a Social Entrepreneurship Project in Beirut, Lebanon and conducted an internship in a NGO based in Marseille where he assisted refugees and helped raise funds. ...

RELATED CONTENT

  • Authors
    Saloi El Yamani
    Sabrine Emran
    November 25, 2022
    In a global context shaped by a three-dimensional crisis: the Covid-19 crisis, the climate change crisis, and the Russia-Ukraine war, the issues of connectivity, value chains, and the green transition are at the heart of the current policy debates all over the globe. In this regard, the Policy Center for the New South has organized, jointly with the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), a conference on November 2nd, 2022, under the theme “Connectivity, Value Chains, and the Green Tr ...
  • October 25, 2022
    واجه الاتحاد الأوروبي خلال السنتين الماضيتين أزمة غير مسبقة في قطاع الطاقة بدأت منذ سنة 2021 واشتدت مع الأزمة الروسية الأوكرانية. فارتفعت أسعار الطاقة عمومًا والغاز على وجه الخصوص ممّا تسبّب في ضغطات مرتفعة على الفاعلين الاقتصاديين مستهلكين كانوا ام شركات. فحاول المفوضية والمجلس الأوروب...
  • September 09, 2022
    Key Challenges and Opportunities of African natural gas supplies to Europe. Since the beginning of the war in Ukraine, the African natural gas has emerged as an alternative to Russian na ...
  • Authors
    Hamza Mjahed
    August 17, 2022
    In May 2021, the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) report Net Zero by 2050 stated that there is no need for new investments in oil and gas fields in their net zero pathway[1]. The message was clear: place your next investments in clean energy sources and energy efficiency. However, the IEA’s Africa Energy Outlook 2022 stated that Africa’s industrialisation relies in expanding the use of natural gas[2]. Even the IEA executive director Fatih Birol said, “if we make a list of the top ...
  • Authors
    Amaye SY
    August 1, 2022
    Avant la pandémie Covid-19, le continent abritait les économies à la croissance la plus rapide du monde et plusieurs pays africains montraient les premiers signes de transformation structurelle et de progrès vers l’émergence économique. Plus de deux ans après la pandémie et les ondes de choc qui en ont résulté, deux questions cruciales se posent : dans quelle mesure le choc sanitaire Covid-19, exacerbé par la crise ukrainienne, a-t-il constitué un tournant dans le processus général ...
  • Authors
    May 18, 2022
    Pursuing efforts to decarbonize economies and increase energy systems’ resilience is crucial to stay within global warming limits and fight the consequences of climate change, which are becoming increasingly acute. The transition to a net-zero economy will be commodityintensive and require significant quantities of critical minerals, defined as metals and nonmetals essential to high-tech sectors. As the shift to cleaner technologies progresses, supply of critical minerals for the en ...
  • April 29, 2022
    Following on the heels of the COVID-19 pandemic and severe drought in North Africa, the Russian invasion of Ukraine – large exporters of food and, in the case of Russia, energy— may inflict increased hunger on the food insecure in Morocco – despite mitigating measures by the government. Morocco is so far successfully shielding its large poor and vulnerable population by subsidizing essential commodities. With memories of the violent protests during the 2007/08 food and fuel crisis s ...