Publications /
Policy Brief

Back
Global trends in the energy sector and their implication on energy security in NATO’s southern neighbourhood
Authors
September 8, 2020

The energy sector has undergone major transitions from the use of wood as a dominant fuel to the adoption of coal and, more recently, oil. In the 21st century gas has grown faster than any other fossil fuel and today renewable energy is growing even faster. The changes, combined with volatile energy prices and occasional shocks, create complex scenarios for the future of the energy sector. This has numerous implications, not only for the socio-economic development of NATO’s southern neighbourhood, and Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries in particular, but also for energy security. Policymakers in the region should keep an eye on the current megatrends in the energy sector, and the short-term implications of one-off shocks like COVID-19, in order to define long-term strategies for a resilient energy sector.

This article was originally published on Real Instituto elcano Royal Institute.

RELATED CONTENT

  • July 6, 2022
    Le Policy Center for the New South et Enel Green Power Maroc co-organisent un webinaire sur "la tarification du carbone et le développement économique". Cette rencontre permettra de débattre des défis, des avantages et des limites des mécanismes de tarification du carbone et de leur imp...
  • Authors
    May 18, 2022
    Pursuing efforts to decarbonize economies and increase energy systems’ resilience is crucial to stay within global warming limits and fight the consequences of climate change, which are becoming increasingly acute. The transition to a net-zero economy will be commodityintensive and require significant quantities of critical minerals, defined as metals and nonmetals essential to high-tech sectors. As the shift to cleaner technologies progresses, supply of critical minerals for the en ...
  • Authors
    April 22, 2022
    Emerging market and developing economies (EMDE) face a common set of external shocks: rising energy and food prices; tightening in global financial conditions caused by the prospect of sharper interest rate hikes and anticipation of "quantitative tightening"; and return of restrictions on mobility in China, on account of the Covid zero policy, leading to slumping in growth and weakening one of the primary growth drivers for the other EMDE. However, the impacts of those common shocks ...
  • March 18, 2022
    تم تقديم إطلاق مبادرة جماعية لتطوير شراكات جديدة من أجل انتقال عادل للطاقة في إفريقيا خلال القمة بين الاتحاد الأوروبي والاتحاد الإفريقي. فما هي المبادرات المبرمجة بين الاتحاد الأوروبي و إ ...
  • Authors
    Hamza Mjahed
    March 16, 2022
    The 2021 German federal election brought about a historic reshuffle of the political parties’ hierarchy in Europe’s biggest economy. The Social Democratic Party are back in control of the Chancellery for the first time since 2005, as part of a three-party coalition at the federal level with the Greens and the Liberals, a first in Germany’s post-war history. Now, the federal government has turned its gaze towards its founding mission: more progress. The first 100 days of the three-pa ...
  • Authors
    Afaf Zarkik
    March 1, 2022
    Known for being a climate change hotspot, Morocco is at the forefront of a climate disaster. Consequences are already being felt, whether in the form of increasing temperature or a downward trend in precipitations, which directly threaten the water security and, by extension, the social-ecological systems of the country. The systems by which food, energy, and water are produced, distributed, and consumed heavily depend on one another. Their implicit feedbacks and links are not linea ...
  • February 25, 2022
    The One Planet Summit for the Ocean was held in Brest during which President Emmanuel Macron brought together heads of state and government, heads of multilateral institutions, business l ...
  • Authors
    February 14, 2022
    Si les liens existant entre l’exportation de matières premières et l’industrialisation sont étudiés depuis longtemps, l’entrée résolue de l’économie mondiale dans l’ère de la transition environnementale et numérique leur offre une dimension toute particulière. L’évidence de la lutte contre le réchauffement climatique par la décarbonation de notre monde ne saurait, en effet, faire oublier toute la complexité de la stratégie à adopter pour y parvenir. Il s’agit, pour l ...