Taxe carbone, permis d’émission, mécanisme d’ajustement aux frontières... de quoi parle-t-on justement ?

La lutte contre les émissions de carbone fait appel à deux familles d’instruments : la réglementation, qui consiste à imposer des normes obligatoires lorsque cela est possible et les incitations notamment économiques : c’est-à-dire la tarification carbone ou le « carbon pricing ». Ces dernières sont jugées plus efficaces économiquement mais elles se répartissent elles-mêmes en différentes catégories : taxe carbone, permis d’émission, mécanisme d’ajustement aux frontières. Ces notions sont souvent confondues, ce qui nuit à la compréhension des enjeux. Parmi ces enjeux, l’acceptation par les populations des différents est un aspect de plus en plus crucial. Ce podcast a pour but de clarifier ces notions essentielles afin de préparer le continent africain aux futurs débats climatiques.


  • Authors
    Saloi El Yamani
    Sabrine Emran
    November 25, 2022
    In a global context shaped by a three-dimensional crisis: the Covid-19 crisis, the climate change crisis, and the Russia-Ukraine war, the issues of connectivity, value chains, and the green transition are at the heart of the current policy debates all over the globe. In this regard, the Policy Center for the New South has organized, jointly with the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), a conference on November 2nd, 2022, under the theme “Connectivity, Value Chains, and the Green Tr ...
  • Authors
    Hamza Mjahed
    August 17, 2022
    In May 2021, the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) report Net Zero by 2050 stated that there is no need for new investments in oil and gas fields in their net zero pathway[1]. The message was clear: place your next investments in clean energy sources and energy efficiency. However, the IEA’s Africa Energy Outlook 2022 stated that Africa’s industrialisation relies in expanding the use of natural gas[2]. Even the IEA executive director Fatih Birol said, “if we make a list of the top ...
  • Authors
    May 18, 2022
    Pursuing efforts to decarbonize economies and increase energy systems’ resilience is crucial to stay within global warming limits and fight the consequences of climate change, which are becoming increasingly acute. The transition to a net-zero economy will be commodityintensive and require significant quantities of critical minerals, defined as metals and nonmetals essential to high-tech sectors. As the shift to cleaner technologies progresses, supply of critical minerals for the en ...
  • March 18, 2022
    تم تقديم إطلاق مبادرة جماعية لتطوير شراكات جديدة من أجل انتقال عادل للطاقة في إفريقيا خلال القمة بين الاتحاد الأوروبي والاتحاد الإفريقي. فما هي المبادرات المبرمجة بين الاتحاد الأوروبي و إ ...
  • Authors
    Hamza Mjahed
    March 16, 2022
    The 2021 German federal election brought about a historic reshuffle of the political parties’ hierarchy in Europe’s biggest economy. The Social Democratic Party are back in control of the Chancellery for the first time since 2005, as part of a three-party coalition at the federal level with the Greens and the Liberals, a first in Germany’s post-war history. Now, the federal government has turned its gaze towards its founding mission: more progress. The first 100 days of the three-pa ...
  • February 25, 2022
    The One Planet Summit for the Ocean was held in Brest during which President Emmanuel Macron brought together heads of state and government, heads of multilateral institutions, business l ...
  • Authors
    January 13, 2022
    As part of the lengthy fight against climate change, the European Union (EU) has introduced a Border Carbon Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM), among its "Fit for 55" package, intended to deliver the EU's intermediate target of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 55% from 1990 levels by 2030. This proposal is deemed "bold, complicated, even controversial." If implemented, it will undoubtedly disrupt trade relations between the EU and its main partners and transform energy dynamics i ...
  • October 15, 2021
    The European Commission recently presented several legislative proposals as part of its “Fit for 55” initiative, designed to accelerate the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. A Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) has been proposed as part of this initiative. The CBAM would be complementary to the EU’s Emission Trading Scheme (ETS), involving CBAM certificates issued to importers based on the integrated emissions intensity of the produc ...