“The Nightmare we feared has arrived”
Death was late because the departure time of the plane was delayed. But death arrived- six minutes after takeoff from Tehran’s “Imam Khomeini International Airport. It was still dark, 6.12 hours’ local time, when flight 752 of “Ukraine International Airlines” took course toward Kyiv, the Ukraine capital three hours and fourty two minutes away. The Boeing 737 800 NG had reached 2400 meters, when the American military’s “Space Based Infrared System” (which relies in various orbits to track launch and flight path of ballistic missiles) detected two missile launches near Tehran, capital of Iran.
Once the traditional Western year-end celebrations are concluded, understanding some of the changes that will take place in this new decade of the 21st century become essential. The expression 20/20 is used in ophthalmology to reflect acuity in vision. Perhaps no time in recent history has required more acuity in long term vision and perspective regarding the significant changes to occur in the 21st century.
It must have flattered Donald Trump to be honored by a dictator, whom he publicly confessed to love and hold in high esteem. North Koreas Kim Yong-un had ordered that a stamp would be issued commemorating the meeting of the two leaders at Panmunjon, at the demilitarized zone between the north and south. The US President made history when he walked in June of this year a few steps onto North Korean territory, the first American President ever to enter the communist state, ready to make a deal-the total and verifiable denuclearization of the Peninsula.
The hike in tariffs imposed by the United States against its major trading partners since early 2018 has been unprecedented in recent history. President Trump alluded to, among others, the goal of revitalizing jobs in the country’s manufacturing industry by protecting it from unfair trade practices of other countries, particularly China. However, according to a study by two Federal Reserve Bank staff – Aaron Flaaen and Justin Pierce – released last December 23, the effect so far has been just the opposite, i.e. a reduction in U.S. manufacturing employment!
La Libye entame l’année 2020 dans une atmosphère d’escalade. Le conflit s’internationalise et menace la stabilité d’au moins trois régions imbriquées par le fait géographique, les intérêts géopolitiques et par la continuité historique:
• Toute la région méditerranéenne est concernée par la conjoncture libyenne. Qu’il s’agisse de sa partie orientale (Egypte, Turquie, Liban, Syrie, Israël, Chypre et Grèce) ou de son flanc occidental (Maroc, Algérie, Tunisie, France, Italie et Espagne), le bassin méditerranéen voit en la crise libyenne une menace de perturbation à la paix et à la sécurité aussi bien au Nord qu’au Sud.
• Deux autres régions qui se recoupent avec l’espace méditerranéen, ne peuvent éviter d’être affectées par la conjoncture libyenne. D’une part, le Grand Maghreb dont la Libye est partie intégrante et, d’autre part, le Moyen-Orient dont les pays partagent avec la Libye l’appartenance à la Ligue arabe.
• La région du Sahel, dont la situation actuelle est due en grande partie aux événements de la Libye, verrait sa situation aller vers plus de complication et d’enlisement, du fait de l’escalade dans la crise libyenne.
In September 2018, President Nana Akufo-Addo of Ghana, declared 2019 “The Year of Return” for African descendants’ travel to Ghana, symbolizing 400 years since the first enslaved African arrived in Jamestown, Virginia in 1619. His announcement garnered positive reactions from the African American community in the United States and served to further inculcate linkages between Africans and their Diasporan counterparts. President Akufo-Addo follows a rich history of pan-Africanism on the continent, but how can African governments continue to seize the socio-economic benefits of their Diasporas in the future?
Elle avait 31 ans et venait tout juste de monter le New Work Lab au Maroc, en 2013, un espace de coworking et accélérateur de start-ups, quand elle a été sélectionnée pour faire partie des Atlantic Dialogues Emerging Leaders. Fatim Zahra Biaz avait déjà tout un parcours, qui correspondait à sa quête de sens dans le travail : diplômée de l’Edec, une école de commerce à Lille, elle avait travaillé à Paris dans le monde du conseil en « change managagement ».
She was 31 years old and had just set up the New Work Lab, a coworking and start-up accelerator space, in Morocco in 2013, when she was selected as one of the Atlantic Dialogues Emerging Leaders. Fatim Zahra Biaz already had an extensive professional background, which reflected her quest for meaning in work: a graduate of Edec, a business school in Lille, she had worked in Paris in "change management" consulting.
Emerging market and developing economies: Engine of the global economic growth despite some vulnerabilities
After a long spell of slow growth post-crisis, the global economy’s recovery was mainly supported by the improvement of emerging markets and developing economies growth. However, this recovery is subject to wide-ranging uncertainties and is now in some danger. According to the IMF, the global economic growth is expected to fall to 3 % in 2019, the lowest level since 2008. This slowdown is estimated to be widespread, concerning both advanced economies as well as emerging markets and developing economies with an expected recovery starting from 2020.
Across Africa, many rural communities still depend on manual and animal power for their farm needs, whether it is for production, harvesting or postharvest activities. In fact, in sub-Saharan Africa, engine power represents a meagre 10 per cent of all energy used on farms, compared to 50 per cent in developing regions.
Without access to mechanised tools and technologies, farming is a tough, laborious and time-consuming process. Farmers are often left with small harvests, low incomes, and poor food and nutrition security. Those who do have access to energy are often reliant on unsustainable sources such as fuelwood, charcoal or farm residues, which exacerbate air pollution and deforestation.