Le 15 octobre 2019, les électeurs mozambicains se rendront aux urnes pour élire leur président. Des élections qui se déroulent dans un contexte particulier, marqué par la concrétisation des projets d’exploitation des réserves de gaz qui attisent les convoitises des différentes parties, ainsi que la conclusion d’un accord de paix entre les deux adversaires traditionnels, le Front de libération du Mozambique (FRELIMO)- parti actuellement au pouvoir- et Résistance nationale mozambicaine (RENAMO), principale formation de l’opposition. A cela viennent s’ajouter les conséquences du scandale de la dette cachée et la menace d’une crise humanitaire consécutive au cyclone qui a frappé le pays en mars dernier.
S’il existe un pays dans le monde où le concept du Soft Power prend pleinement sens et substance, ça serait fort probablement la Suède. Ce pays détient remarquablement toutes les composantes du Soft Power identifiées par le géopolitologue américain Joseph Nye dans son article paru en 2006 dans la revue Foreign Policy à savoir : la culture, les valeurs politiques et la politique étrangère.
A few months ago, Indian Prime Minister Modi announced that his country had improved its space capabilities by shooting down from Earth a low orbit satellite that was 300 km away in space. Most commentators assume that the destroyed target was an Indian satellite, presumably outdated or no longer fully functioning. Modi further reassured the international community by stating that the technology will only be used for security, peace, and development purposes, and that the act did not breach any international agreement. With this strike, India becomes the fourth country to wield anti-satellite technology after the US, Russia, and China. This development highlights how technological achievements in the field of space, and more specifically satellites, allow a country to increase its power and to strengthen its role in global politics. In this case, India acceded to the very close circle of superpowers with the ability to strike down satellites. But more generally, middle powers are similarly able to extend their sphere of influence by using satellites, both from a soft and a hard power perspective.
Massive and sometimes violent protests have been setting the pace in Hong Kong for over 100 days. Demonstrators have put forward five demands, amongst which a democratic system of local rule, not controlled by Beijing. Below is an international press review of the Hong Kong political crisis by Helmut Sorge, former Foreign editor, and Middle East expert for Germany's leading newsmagazine "Der Spiegel", and columnist at the Policy Center for the New South.
There is no doubt that China's 70th Anniversary celebration was the display of a new world superpower. From the military parade to the issuance of a paper reporting China's role in the New Era, it is clear that the country, whose current political system was established on 1 October 1949, is much different, more assertive and with a clear perspective of the role it wants to play in the international scenario. Everywhere in Beijing, the Chinese National Anthem was played, reminding the Chinese to: "Arise, ye who refuse to be slaves; with our very flesh and blood, Let us build our new Great Wall!"
With India looking more towards Africa as a home for sustainable partners, it is also looking at diversifying the areas of collaboration with several African countries, especially with Morocco. As early as 1967, India’s then Vice-President Zakir Hussain visited Morocco and set the tone for engagement between both countries. The latter has established diplomatic relations based on mutual understanding, tolerance and respect. Since then, the two countries have enjoyed fruitful relations that materialized in various sectors.
Despite some short-term benefits, trade deviation to the region shouldn’t be expected to last.
Has the U.S. trade war with China been good for Latin America?
An increase in Chinese demand for primary products from the region, as well as recent news of production transfers from China to Mexico, might give the impression that it has.
But any positive short-term effects of the confrontation should also take into account its negative medium- and long-term impacts on the region and on global growth. And the fact is that the overall trade and GDP destruction effects of trade wars tend to outweigh gains from shifts in trade activity.
Interviewée par Helmut Sorge, chroniqueur au PCNS, Rim Berahab, économiste spécialiste de l’énergie décortique dans son papier, les liens existant entre les énergies renouvelables en Afrique et les opportunités de croissance économique.