Across Africa, many rural communities still depend on manual and animal power for their farm needs, whether it is for production, harvesting or postharvest activities. In fact, in sub-Saharan Africa, engine power represents a meagre 10 per cent of all energy used on farms, compared to 50 per cent in developing regions.
Without access to mechanised tools and technologies, farming is a tough, laborious and time-consuming process. Farmers are often left with small harvests, low incomes, and poor food and nutrition security. Those who do have access to energy are often reliant on unsustainable sources such as fuelwood, charcoal or farm residues, which exacerbate air pollution and deforestation.
“O! WRETCHED MORTALS, OPEN YOUR EYES”
Leonardo da Vinci, creator of the ever beautiful and impenetrable Mona Lisa, noted 500 years ago that he realized the importance of water, which is, the artist jotted in his notebooks , “the driving force of all nature”, the vetturale di natura, the vehicle of nature.
Earlier this month, the World Resources Institute based in Washington D.C. revealed that 17 countries, home to one-quarter of the world's population, are facing extremely high water stress. Below is an international press review of the global water crisis by Helmut Sorge, former Foreign editor, and Middle East expert for Germany's leading newsmagazine "Der Spiegel", and columnist at the Policy Center for the New South.
Les travaux de la 3ème édition du Forum Malabo Montpellier (MaMo Forum), organisés le 17 décembre 2018, à Rabat -réunissant des délégations et experts représentant plusieurs pays d’Afrique, aux côtés de participants provenant d’autres régions du monde, notamment des Etats-Unis, de France et du Royaume-Uni-, étaient venus confirmer, si besoin est, la vocation Sud du Policy Center for The New South. Ce Forum a constitué une plateforme d’échanges qui a permis aux représentants des départements d’Agriculture de nombreux pays africains de présenter leurs expériences respectives en matière d’irrigation. Dans son allocution introductive, Dr. Karim El Aynaoui, Directeur général du Policy Center for The New South, soulignera la pertinence de la tenue de ce Forum, arguant du fait que « la thématique débattue revêt une grande importance pour l’avenir du continent africain ».
This article was originally published in Farming First, a multi-stakeholder coalition, written by Dr. El Aynaoui, Managing Director of Policy Center for the New South and member of the Malabo Montpellier Panel.
With the rolling dunes of the Sahara desert overlapping its borders, Morocco may be an unlikely candidate to lead the region in water control and management.
La ville de Kigali, au Rwanda, a accueilli du 5 au 8 septembre 2018 le forum de l’AGRA, devenant ainsi la capitale de l’agriculture africaine pendant ces quatre journées. Délégations gouvernementales, partenaires techniques et financiers, chercheurs, universitaires, investisseurs, producteurs, club de réflexion, entre autres, étaient en conclave pour faire l’état des lieux du secteur et mesurer les progrès accomplis sur la route de la transformation de l’agriculture africaine.
A travers une démarche rétrospective, cette contribution se propose de présenter les faits saillants de l’agriculture africaine. Nous revisiterons les défis et proposerons de considérer le développement du secteur de l’agriculture comme étant une partie d’un système dont le développement nécessite des politiques publiques endogènes, cohérentes et soutenables.
“This article has been originally published in 'Morocco in Focus 2018,' the magazine of the Moroccan Embassy in New Delhi, India on the occasion of the Morocco National Day 2018.”
Who would cry because a whale has died, thrown onto a beach somewhere on our globe by a giant wave, the noble mammal ceasing to breathe through its blowhole in the head. No news on television, possibly a note on the third page of a local newspaper. Eight billion humans, most struggling to survive themselves, will never know or care. A pilot whale has died in Southern Thailand, after consuming more than eighty black plastic bags? A sperm whale discovered dead on a beach of Spain, whose life was ended, a veterinarian confirmed, because the whale had consumed 29 kilos of plastic, which caused an inflammation of the abdomen and then death? So what? Migrants drown each day, look at Libya, and watch the coast of Greece. Another whale found dying off the coast of Norway, apparently suffocated because he confused 30 plastic bags with natural food and was not scared off by labels written in English and Danish, the whale digested them as well.
”All is born of water, all is sustained by water" (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Faust II).
A colorless, odorless, transparent and tasteless liquid. Yet, the compound of oxygen and hydrogen is essential for human survival. Three to five days without H2O and life as we know it ends. Humanity is water. 60% of our body is water. No water means no future, simple as that. Without it, the body is just dust and five liters of blood, and is suddenly useless. No water in our cells, no heartbeat. The music ends. We all know the battle for survival of gallant nomads, opposed tribes fighting each other for an oasis, for the only water hole, somewhere in the distant desert, or of warriors, who survived knives and bullets but wilted in the heat, capitulating in front of a dried out or poisoned well.
On November 9th, 2017, over 1,000 students and professionals convened at Harvard University for the 11th annual Harvard Arab Conference to discuss key issues across the region. The four-day conference promoted a forward-looking approach to seek innovative solutions to the political, economic, and social gaps that persist across the Arab World. Conference attendees included government ministers, award-winning actors, former heads of state, students, and various other participants. The conference also showcased Arab innovation and resilience through panels and performances and provided participants with ample opportunities for networking.